A  web·guide to sustainable development, conservation & the glocal environment



Climate change hub > Approaches >

Contents below:

     · General information

       · UN finance initiatives

         · Non-UN international finance initiatives

           · Private investment firms

             · NGOs, collaborations & initiatives

               · Select readings on climate change finance

Also see:

     · Carbon pricing: Taxes, markets & emissions trading systems

       · Carbon offsets

General information

Climate Funds Update

   · “ independent website providing information and data on the growing number of

     multilateral climate finance initiatives designed to help developing countries address the

     challenges of climate change."

UN finance initiatives

UNFCCC finance pages

     New Collective Quantified Goal on Climate Finance (NCQG)

     Adaptation Fund

     Green Climate Fund

          · “The Green Climate Fund (GCF) – a critical element of the historic Paris Agreement - is the

             world’s largest climate fund, mandated to support developing countries raise and realize

             their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) ambitions towards low-emissions, climate-

             resilient pathways.”

     Least Developed Countries Fund

     Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF)

     Standing Committee on Finance

Glasgow Financial Alliance for Net Zero (GFANZ)

Global Environment Facility

     Climate change

Systematic Observations Financing Facility (SOFF) @ WMO

UN-convened Net-Zero Asset Owner Alliance

UNEP Finance Initiative

Non-UN international finance initiatives

Climate Arc

Climate Investment Funds (CIF)

China's South-South Cooperation Fund on climate

Private investment firms

Fossil Free Indexes


NGOs, collaborations & initiatives

Climate Action 100+

     · " investor initiative to ensure the world’s largest corporate greenhouse gas emitters take

     necessary action on climate change. The companies include 100 ‘systemically important

     emitters’, accounting for two-thirds of annual global industrial emissions, alongside more

     than 60 others with significant opportunity to drive the clean energy transition."

Climate Action in Financial Institutions Initiative

     · "An unprecedented coalition of public and private financial institutions around the globe

     aiming to adopt a pathway to systematically integrate climate change considerations across

     their strategies, programs and operations."

Climate Bonds Initiative

Climate Finance Accelerator

Climate Funds Update

Climate Investment Funds

     · " of the world’s largest and most ambitious climate finance mechanisms. Founded in

      2008, it represents one of the first global efforts to invest in a dedicated climate finance


Climate Policy Initiative

     · “ analysis and advisory organization with deep expertise in finance and policy. Our mission is to

       help governments, businesses, and financial institutions drive economic growth while addressing

       climate change.”

Coalition for Climate Resilient Investment (CCRI)

     · "A United Nations Climate Action Summit and COP26 flagship initiative, The Coalition for

     Climate Resilient Investment (CCRI) represents the commitment of the global private financial

     industry, in partnership with key private and public institutions, to foster the more efficient

     integration of physical climate risks (PCRs) in investment decision-making."

Coalition for Green Capital

     American Green Bank Consortium

Coalition for Private Investment in Conservation

Conservation Finance Alliance

Conservation Finance Network

Debt for Climate

Finance Fit for Paris - 3fp-Tracker

     · "...screens and assesses existing financial market regulation and policies on country level

     to evaluate where the national financial regulation stands today against the imperative

     of the <2-degree target as anchored in the Paris Agreement."

Glasgow Financial Alliance for Net Zero

Global Green Bond Partnership

Global Investor Group on Climate Change (GIC)

     Asia Investor Group on Climate Change (AIGCC)


          Ceres Investor Network on Climate Risk and Sustainability

          Clean Trillion campaign

     Institutional Investors Group on Climate Change

     Investor Group on Climate Change

Institutional Investors Group on Climate Change (IIGCC)

International Development Finance Club (IDFC)

Investor Agenda

Network of Central Banks and Supervisors for Greening the Financial System (NGFS)


Private Equity Stakeholder Project


Reclaim Finance


Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD)

     · "The Financial Stability Board established the TCFD to develop recommendations for more effective

     climate-related disclosures that could promote more informed investment, credit, and insurance

     underwriting decisions and, in turn, enable stakeholders to understand better the concentrations of

     carbon-related assets in the financial sector and the financial system’s exposures to climate-related


Select readings on climate change finance

“Recognizing the Duty of the Federal Government to Create a Green New Deal”

     · 116th Congress 1st Session H. Res. 109

     ·The Green New Deal signed in the House of Representatives, H. Res.109.

     · This bill doesn’t just lay out policy, but it shows the monetary means by which the U.S. could

         feasibly put forth a Green New Deal as well as the monetary repercussions involved if it doesn’t

         make changes quickly enough.

The Economics and Politics of Climate Change

     · 1998 – Robert W. Hahn, Paul Portney, Thomas Schelling, Irwin M. Seltzer – American

       Enterprise Institute

     · Discusses the need for policy and finance centered around  climate.

     · Emphasizes that if politics gets in the way of making changes, the economic cost of climate change

       will be severe.

The Impact of Climate Funds on Economic Growth

     · Full title: The Impact of Climate Funds on Economic Growth and Their Role in Substituting Fossil

         Energy Sources

     · 2019 – Aflonso Carfora & Giuseppe Scandurra - Elsevier

     · These two Italian researchers show how climate fund policies have been implemented around the world.

     · Begs the question, has spending money on the climate lowered greenhouse gases and allowed countries

       to create new energy systems?

     · Shows the economic impacts that climate policies have had and can have on fully developed and

         underdeveloped nations, effecting GDP and ways of life.

Paris Agreements: U.S. Climate Finance Commitments

     · 2017 - Richard K. Lattanzio - Congressional Research Service

     · Discusses how the U.S. financially commits itself to climate policy. Written in 2017, it shows

        the significant changes between the Trump and Obama administrations.

     · This report is very significant to U.S. Climate Finance Policy as it expresses the drastic different

        approaches that can take place between administrations.

Global Landscape of Climate Finance 2019

     · 2019 – Barbara Buchner, et al. - Climate Policy Initiative

     · Covers a global perspective on how countries need to financially prep and utilize resources as

       the climate keeps changing.

     · Provides guidance to lawmakers and private sector companies that do work to protect the climate.

     · With helpful graphics the report shows how the U.S. is a major contributor to climate change,

        but also acts as a negotiator and tries to repair certain climate related issues.

Climate Finance Policy in Practice: A Review of the Evidence

     · 2021 – Rishikesh Ram Bhandary, Kelly Sims Gallagher, and Fang Zhang – Taylor & Francis Online

     · Analyzes nine different climate finance policies in U.S., China, India, Germany, Ethiopia, Brazil,

       Indonesia, and Bangladesh.

     · Shows that while certain climate finance policies can be followed without much government

        backing, significant change will require lawmakers to take much larger steps.

Climate finance

Building Financial Resilience to Climate Impacts




& Summary