A  web·guide to sustainable development, conservation & the glocal environment



Climate change hub > Responses > Mitigation >

Contents below:

     · General information on net zero emissions

       · General information on carbon offsets

         · Registries

           · International organizations

             · Institutions

Also see:

     · Carbon accounting, tracking & calculators

       · Flying

         · Forests & climate change

           · Ecosystem services & payments for ecosystem services

General information on net zero emissions

Net Zero Climate @ Oxford University

Net Zero Guidelines @ International Standards Organization (ISO)

Net Zero Tracker

     “...aims to increase transparency and accountability of net zero targets pledged by nations, states

       and regions, cities and companies. We collect data on targets set and on many factors that indicate

       the integrity of those targets — essentially, how serious the entity setting the target is about

       meaningfully cutting its net emissions to zero.

Real Solutions, Not Net-Zero

Net zero emissions @ Wikipedia

General information on carbon offsets


A Free Ride


California Tropical Forest Standard

Carbon Offset Guide

Carbon offsets @ David Suzuki Foundation

Carbon offsets @ NativeEnergy


23 times carbon offsets were found to be dodgy @ Australia Institute

International Sustainability & Carbon Certification (ISCC)

Jet-Set Offset

     · "Join the movement for greener travel. Sign up once to donate one cent per mile to your favorite

       environmental cause – every time you fly."

Klick Foundation for Climate Protection and Carbon Offset

     · “Estab­lished by the Swiss Petro­leum Asso­ci­ation (today Avenergy Suisse) in 2012 within the

     framework of the Swiss CO₂ Law, the Foundation for Climate Protection and Carbon Offset

      (KliK) is the sector-wide carbon offset grouping.“

Nature Conservancy

     · Climate change: How you can help

          · Contains a range of information on carbon offsets

Natural Capital Partners

North Atlantic Skies @ NATS

Ostrya Conservation

South Pole

State of Voluntary Carbon Markets

Terra Global Capital




UN Carbon Offsets Platform

Vertis Environmental Finance

Wildlife Works


American Carbon Registry

Climate Action Reserve

     · “As the premier carbon offset registry for the North American carbon market, the Climate Action Reserve encourages action to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by ensuring the environmental integrity and financial benefit of emissions reduction projects.“

Gold Standard

Verra Registry

International organizations

United Nations

     High-Level Expert Group on Net Zero Emissions Commitments of Non-State Entities

     UN-convened Net-Zero Asset Owner Alliance

Glasgow Financial Alliance for Net Zero (GFANZ)



     · Formed by a merger between Element Markets and Bluesource

Bonneville Environmental Foundation

Carbon Offset and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA)

Climate Markets & Investment Association



Cool Effect

     · “We started in 1998 with clean-burning cookstoves. Since then, we’ve grown into a globally recognized non-profit platform that’s

     successfully reducing carbon pollution."

CoolClimate Network


Ecosystem Marketplaces

EnKing International

Finite Carbon

First Climate


International Carbon Reduction and Offset Alliance (ICROA)

International Emissions Trading Association (IETA)


Offset Network @ Second Nature

Taskforce on Scaling Voluntary Carbon Markets (TSVCM) @ Institute of International Finance (IIF)

World Banks State and Trends of Carbon Pricing


     · Hosts the Verified Carbon Standard

Net zero emissions & carbon offsets

Carbon offsets have been defined as credits “for greenhouse gas reductions achieved by one party that can be purchased and used to compensate (offset) the emisions of another party.”

Ziying Liu (2023) of Brandeis University & Brian McFarlan contributed to this page.




& Summary