A  web·guide to sustainable development, conservation & the glocal environment



General information

Conservation Almanac: Tracking investments in protected lands [US]

National Conservation Easement Database [US]

Privately Protected Areas and Nature Stewardship @ WCPA @ IUCN

Tools for Engaging Landowners Effectively

Sentinel Landscapes Partnership

     · a coalition of federal agencies, state and local governments, and non-governmental

          organizations that works with private landowners to advance sustainable land

          management practices around military installations and ranges.

Alliances, networks & coalitions

Coalition for Private Investment in Conservation

European Private Land Conservation Network (ELCN)

Habitat Conservation Assistance Network (HabitatCAN)

International Land Conservation Network (ILCN)

     · "...connects civic and private organizations and people, across boundaries

          and around the world, to accelerate the protection and strengthen the

          management of land and natural resources"

Land Conservation Assistance Network (LandCAN)

     · A merged entity between the former Private Landowner Network and the Resources First Foundation.


    · Formerly "Partners in Conservation"

Private Landowner Network

Western Landowners Alliance

Land trusts & NGOs

✔︎Info@⇾FindaLandTrustorg @ Land Trust Alliance [US]

Conservation Fund

Land Trust Accreditation Commission (LTAC)

Land Trust Alliance [US]

Nature Conservancy (TNC)

Partnership for Conservation (P4C) [USA]

Commercial & for-profit sector

Conservation Alliance

Select readings on nongovernmental & private land conservation

Guidelines for Privately Protected Areas

     · 2018 ~ Mitchell, B.A., et al.  ~ Best Practice Protected Area Guidelines Series No. 29, IUCN     

     · Defines Private Protected Areas (PPAs) under the private governance. by individuals and groups

        of individuals; non-governmental organisations; corporations, including commercial companies

        and small companies established to manage groups of PPAs; for profit owners such as ecotourism

        companies; research entities such as universities and field stations; or religious entities.

     · Organizes private land conservation and management best practices under 34 principles.

     · Distinguishes difference between private conservation areas & IUCN recognized private protected areas (PPAs)

     · Document divided into 4 main parts: definitions and terminology, best practices, looking forward to the future of PPAs, and case studies.

National System Planning for Protected Area

     · 1998 ~ Davey, A.G. ~ IUCN

     · Proposed “system planning” as the best practice framework for conservation, normalizing the

        goal for conservationists to focus on conserving ecosystems at macro-ecosystem to maintain


     · Created new categories that determined the management objectives on a numerical ranking

        system per region. For example, different objectives were designated for a “wilderness” area

        than a “managed resource protected area.”

     · Cardinal report from an initiative taken by the IUCN aimed at improving land management

        planning and practice in the private and public sector.

     · Restructures the ideal image of land conservation around ecologically conscious strategies.

Resilient and Connected Landscapes

     · 2016 ~ Anderson et al. ~ The Nature Conservancy

     · Original text is accessible through the URL above. Listed under “Latest Reports” section of webpage.

     · Analyses resilient and connected landscapes for each geological region in the United States.

     · Specifies which locations in the United States will fortify the best mitigation practices against climate change.

     · An updated framework for the priorities of private and public conservation groups.

     · Data for this report was gathered over eight years by a team of researchers at The Nature Conservancy.

     · A concrete example of how nongovernmental and private corporations can directly respond to the climate

        crisis by conserving the lands it identifies.

The Futures of Privately Protected Areas

     · 2014 ~ Stolton, S., K.H. Redford, and N. Dudley ~ IUCN.

     · The original text is accessible by following the URL above, it is the first title under the “Link” section of the webpage.

     · Recognizes the contribution of private conservation to global conservation efforts.

     · IUCN defines “private” broadly as “individuals, nonprofit and charitable trusts, religious groups,

        ecotourism companies and large corporations… amongst the many types of institutions involved.”

     · Besides being a symbol of success for private conservation, this report attempts to amalgamate the

        operational definitions private conservation actors abide by.

     · This report was a major step toward centralizing the agenda of private conservation as an international effort.

An Introduction to Conservation Easements in the United States: A Simple Concept and a Complicated Mosaic of Law

     · 2015 ~ University of Utah College of Law Research Paper No. 130

     · A scholarly exploration of the principles of law that govern conservation easements and the

        conditional policies that manage “funding, tax treatment, enforcement, modification, [perpetuity],

        and termination of easements.”

     · Dissects the history and development of obtaining conservation easements.

     · Examines relevant case law and historic examples of conflicts and controversies surrounding conservation easements.

     · Comprehensive overview of American private conservation, a fortifying source of general knowledge.

Contents of this page:

     · General information

       · Alliances, networks & coalitions

         · Land trusts & NGOs

            · Commercial and for-profit sector

              · Select readings on nongovernmental & private land conservation

Nongovernmental & private land conservation