A  web·guide to sustainable development, conservation & the glocal environment



Environmental hub > Environmental & ecological economics >

Contents below:

      · General information

        · News & periodicals

          · Banking

            · Environmental trust funds

              · Events

                · Institutions:

                         ~ International organizations & initiatives

                         ~ Networks, alliances & initiatives

                         ~ NGOs

                         ~ Firms & professional services

                   · Select readings in environmental & conservation finance

Also see:

     · Environmental funding & grantmaking page

       · Environmental certification, reporting & ecolabelling page

         · Climate change finance page

           · Conservation finance page

General information

What is ESG? @ ADEC Innovations

Global Infrastructure Basel


     ESG Criteria

     Impact investing

     Impact investing vs. venture philanthropy

     Guide to Socially Responsible Investment (SRI)

     Sustainable investing

S&P 500 ESG index

S&P Global’s Corporate Sustainability Assessment

Sustainable Investments @ University of California  

     · “…the leading database and research engine for ESG & Carbon reporting, monitoring and controlling.“

News & periodicals

Corporate Knights

Environmental Finance

     · " online news and analysis service established in 1999 to report on sustainable investment,

     green finance and the people and companies active in environmental markets."

For what it's worth

Journal of Environmental Investing

Moral Money @ Financial Times

Sustainable Views

     · Requires subscription

     · "Sustainable Views is a service for finance and business professionals from the Financial Times Group.

       It aims to be the authoritative source of information on developments in sustainability policy and

       regulation, the impact of environmental, social and governance factors on capital markets, and the

       transition to a green and just economy.”


Banking @ UNEP Finance Initiative (UNEPFI)

Principles of Responsible Banking

Environmental trust funds

     · A type of grant that works with both public sector and private sector

General background on ETFs @ UNDP

Background with applications to REDD+


Conference on Sustainable, Responsible, Impact Investing

Institutions ~ International organizations  & initiatives

Global Environment Facility (GEF)

Global Greengrants Fund

Global Impact Investing Ratings System

     · SSIR article

     · GIIRS fund ratings @ B Lab / B Analytics / B Impact Assessment

     · GIIRS page @ New Media Group

International Finance Corporation (IFC)

     FIRST for Sustainability @ IFC

          · FIRST = Financial Institutions: Resurces, Solutions and Tools


International Sustainability Standards Board (ISSB)

Network of Central Banks and Supervisors for Greening the Financial System (NGFS)


UNDP Global Environmental Finance (UNDP-GEF) Unit

     · " with environmental vertical funds to support countries with simultaneous eradication

       of poverty and significant reduction of inequalities and exclusion, by catalyzing environmental

       finance for sustainable development.”

UNEP Finance Initiative (UNEPFI)

Institutions ~ Networks, alliances & initiatives

Cambridge, University of

     Judge Business School

          Cambridge Centre for Alternative Finance

               Cambridge Alternative Finance Collaboration Network

Coalition for Climate Resilient Investment (CCRI)

Conservation Finance Alliance

     · An open-membership, global professional association for experts in conservation finance with

       the mission "to promote awareness, expertise and innovation in conservation finance globally."

       CFA uses working groups, task forces and online webinars to research and educate in

       conservation finance.

Conservation Finance Network

Global Sustainable Investment Alliance

     Alliance members

          · US SIF: The Forum for Sustainable and Responsible Investment

Green Growth Knowledge Partnership

     Green Finance Platform

          Green Finance Measures Database

          Sustainable Finance Policy Effectiveness Working Group

     Green Policy Platform

     Green Industry Platform

Green Fiscal Policy Network

Global Reporting lnitiative (GRI)

     GRI Sustainability Reporting Standards

Intentional Endowments Network (IEN)

      · "...the world’s leading proponent of responsible investment. It works to understand the investment

     implications of environmental, social and governance (ESG) factors and to support its international

     network of investor signatories in incorporating these factors into their investment and ownership


     · The six principles

     · List of signatories

     · PRI Academy

Responsible Asset Allocator Initiative (RAAI)

Institutions ~ NGOs

Alliance for Environmental Markets and Investments (AEMI)

As You Sow

Center for Social and Sustainable Products

E2: Environmental Entrepreneurs

Global Reporting lnitiative (GRI)

International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC)

NatureVest @ TNC

Root Capital

     · Root Capital is a social investment organisation that provides low-interest loans to rural farmers in

          developing countries in an effort to help them grow by connecting them to the formal economy. In

          exchange farmers provide data about their crops to ensure that they have sustainable growing practices.


Social Capital Markets (SOCAP)

Value Reporting Foundation

     Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB)

          · “SASB Standards guide the disclosure of financially material sustainability information by companies

            to their investors. Available for 77 industries, the Standards identify the subset of environmental, social,

            and governance (ESG) issues most relevant to financial performance in each industry.”

Institutions ~ Firms & professional services

     · A very incomplete listing, and listing here entails no endorsement!

ADEC Innovations


Blue like and Orange Sustainable Capital

B Lab / B Analytics / B Impact Assessment     

     · GIIRS fund ratings

Calvert Research and Management

Clean Yield Asset Management Fund

EcoEnterprises Fund

Ernst & Young (EY)

     · Climate Change & Sustainability Services

Fossil Free Indexes

     FFI Solutions

Generation Investment Management

Global Environment Fund

Governance & Accountability Institute


     ESG & Sustainability

Reinventure Capital


Sustainable Finance Advisory


Select readings in environmental & conservation finance

Clark, Story. 2007. A Field Guide to Conservation Finance. Washington, DC: Island Press.

Daily, Gretchen C., and Katherine Ellison. 2002. The New Economy of Nature: The Quest to Make

     Conservation Profitable. Washington, DC: Island Press.

Ginn, William. 2005. Investing in Nature: Case Studies of Land Conservation in Collaboration with

     Business. 2nd ed. Washington, DC: Island Press.

Hamrick, Kelley. 2016. State of Private Investment in Conservation 2016: A Landscape Assessment of an

     Emerging Market. Washington, DC: Ecosystem Marketplace.

Hopper, Kim, and Ernest Cook. 2004. Conservation Finance Handbook: How Communities are Paying

     for Parks and Land Conservation. California: Trust for Public Land.

Huwyler, Fabian, Jürg Käppeli, and John Tobin. 2016. Conservation Finance: From Niche to Mainstream:

     The Building of an Institutional Asset Class. New York: Credit Suisse. Link.

Huwyler, Fabian, Jürg Käppeli, Katharina Serafimova, Eric Swanson, and John Tobin. 2014. Conservation

     Finance: Moving beyond Donor Funding toward an Investor-Driven Approach. New York: Credit Suisse.


Levitt, James N., ed. 2005. From Walden to Wall Street: Frontiers of Conservation Finance. Massachusetts:

     Lincoln Institute of Land Policy.

Levitt, James N., ed. 2010. Conservation Capital in the Americas: Exemplary Conservation Finance

     Initiatives. Massachusetts: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy.

Martin, Claude. 2015. On the Edge: The State and Fate of the World's Tropical Rainforests (Report to the

     Club of Rome). California: Greystone Books.

McFarland, Brian. 2018. Conservation of Tropical Rainforests: A Review of Financial and Strategic

     Solutions. United Kingdom: Palgrave Macmillan.

McFarland, Brian. 2021. Conservation of Tropical Coral Reefs: A Review of Financial and Strategic

     Solutions. United Kingdom: Palgrave Macmillan.

McQueen, Mike, and Ed McMahon. 2003. Land Conservation Financing. Washington, DC: Island Press.

     The Nature Conservancy and EKO Asset Management Partners. 2014. Investing in Conservation: A

     Landscape Assessment of an Emerging Market. Virginia: The Nature Conservancy. Link.

World Wildlife Fund. 2009. Guide to Conservation Finance: Sustainable Financing for the Planet.

     Washington, DC: World Wildlife Fund. Link.

Qirui Zhang of Brandeis University developed this page in 2019.

Environmental finance, shareholder advocacy, ESG & SRI

ESG ~ Environmental, Social &


SRI ~ Socially Responsible


This page encompasses a wide range of financial tools and resources, including coverage of green fiscal policy, green finance, conservation finance, and impact investing.