A  web·guide to sustainable development, conservation & the glocal environment



Information & initatives

International Water Law Project

     · Key resource on the Internet for international water law and policy issues

Global Rivers Observatory

     · Covers impact of climate change, deforestation, and other disturbances on global rivers

International Waters Governance

Program in Water Conflict Management and Transformation @ Oregon State University

     · supporting water conflict prevention and transformation in Oregon, across the United States, and internationally

Shared Waters Lab @ The Fletcher School, Tufts University

Transboundary Freshwater Dispute Database

Transboundary Waters Assessment Program

     · First baseline assessment of all the planet's transboundary water resources

Water Conflict @ The World's Water

     · Highlights connections between water resources, water systems, and international security and conflict


    · Also see periodicals at the Freshwater ~ General information page

International Journal of River Basin Management

Journal of Transboundary Water Resources

    · Apparently, only one issue of the journal was published (link is to the pdf of the entire issue)

International agreements

1992 Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes

   · “The Water Convention” is “a unique international legal instrument and intergovernmental platform

      which aims to ensure the sustainable use of transboundary water resources by facilitating cooperation.

      Initially negotiated as a regional instrument, it has been opened up for accession to all UN Member

      States in 2016.”

   · 1999 Protocol on Water and Health

   · Principles for Effective Joint Bodies for Transboundary Water Cooperation

1995 Protocol on shared watercourse systems in the Southern African development community (SADC) region

     · Signed at Johannesburg, 28 August 1995

1997 UN Convention on the Law of the Non-navigational Uses of International Watercourses

     · “Watercourses Convention”

2000 European Union Water Framework Directive (WFD)

Sachi Anand (2023) & Xinyi Guo (2018) of Brandeis University contributed to this page.

Transboundary watercourses & international water disputes

Contents of this page:

     · Information & initiatives

       · Periodicals

         · International agreements

While this page highlights websites that focus on transboundary waters, other Freshwater pages,

     most notably the Institutions page, also contain resources on transboundary water.

Place-based transboundary watercourses information can be found starting on the GeoGuide page.

     In addition, some transboundary water info will be available from the Countries A>Z page.




& Summary