A  web·guide to sustainable development, conservation & the glocal environment



World geography & transboundary regions hub > Western Hemisphere >

Contents below:

     · International organization

       · NGOs & networks

         · Select readings on Latin America & climate change

Also see:

     · the Mexico page

       · the Caribbean page

         · the Central America page

           · the South America page

International organizations

Independent Assoiciation of Latin America and the Caribbean (AILAC)

     · "...established as a formal negotiating group under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change

       in December 2012, during the Conference of the Parties in Doha, Qatar.”

North American Congress on Latin America (NACLA)

     NACLA Report on the Americas

Pacific Alliance

     · "The Pacific Alliance is an initiative of regional integration comprised by Chile, Colombia, Mexico

     and Peru, officially established on April 28th, 2011."

     · Technical Group on Environment

UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC)

     · At the homepage, click on "Work areas" in the main menubar for a number of environment-

       related topics.

    Escazú Agreement

          · Full title: The Regional Agreement on Access to Information, Public Participation and Justice in

            Environmental Matters in Latin America and the Caribbean.

          · IUCN Blog entry


    Latin America and the Caribbean


     Regional Cooperation on E-Waste Management in Latin-American Countries

NGOs & networks

Latin American Coalition Against Fracking

Nature Conservancy

     Latin America

Ecosocial and Intercultural Pact of the South (Pacto Ecosocial e Intercultural de Sur)

Latin American Network Women Defenders of Social and Environmental Rights

Select readings on Latin America & climate change

State of the Climate in Latin America and the Caribbean 2021

     · World Meteorological Organization, July 2022

A Fragmented Continent: Latin America and the Global Politics of Climate Change

     · Edwards, Guy, and J. Timmons Roberts. MIT Press, 2015.

     · Focuses on the three major sectors at the U.N climate negotiations (Brazil--sector 1, Venezuela,

        Bolivia, and Ecuador--sector 2, and Chile, Costa Rica, and Peru--sector 3), and how Latin American

        countries attempt to balance climate responses with development.

     · These three major sectors grapple with reducing carbon emissions while also being dependent on fossil fuels.

Environmental Governance in Latin America: Towards an Integrative Research Agenda

     · Baud, Michiel, Fabio De Castro, and Barbara Hogenboom. European Review of Latin American

       and Caribbean Studies/Revista Europea de Estudios Latinoamericanos y del Caribe (2011): 79-88.

     · Argues for the integration of Latin American countries into the research and framing of international governance over climate change.

     · Provide a lens through which to understand the Latin American perspective in terms of regional  governance for environmental policy.

Latin American Cities and Climate Change: Challenges and Options to Mitigation and Adaptation Responses

     · Hardoy, Jorgelina, and Patricia Romero Lankao. Current opinion in Environmental sustainability 3.3 (2011): 158-163.

     · Supports the stance from the second course in this bibliography in which the challenges of

       mitigation and adaptation frameworks are explored; and by doing so, the potential solutions for climate change in the region.

Forests and Climate Change in Latin America: Linking Adaptation and Mitigation

     · Locatelli, Bruno, et al. Forests 2.1 (2011): 431-450.

     · Introduces mitigation and adaptation strategies in Latin America and argues for both of these

       frameworks to work together in future climate change policy.

     · Proposes how climate and forest policy in Latin American can reduce greenhouse gases and the social impact of climate change in the region.

Indigenous Peoples and Climate Change in Latin America and the Caribbean

       · Kronik, Jakob, and Dorte Verner, World Bank, 2010.

     · Examines the social implication of climate change for indigenous communities in Latin America and potential solutions to these issues.

     · Observes the interplay between governments, indigenous peoples' organizations, and non-state representatives in addressing climate change.

Climate Change and Human Health in Latin America: Drivers, Effects, and Policies

     · Moreno, Ana Rosa. Regional Environmental Change 6.3 (2006): 157-164.

     · Reports on the state of the climate in Latin America and the key policies and emission levels that ignite debate in regard to human health.

Latin America

What is Latin America?

“Latin America is generally understood to consist of the entire continent of South America in addition to Mexico, Central America, and the islands of the Caribbean whose inhabitants speak a Romance language. The peoples of this large area shared the experience of conquest and colonization by the Spaniards and Portuguese from the late 15th through the 18th century as well as movements of independence from Spain and Portugal in the  early 19th century.” -EB

Anna Greenberg of Brandeis University developed this page in 2021.